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Training and Research Experiences in Nonlinear Dynamics

Nonlinear Dynamics in Charged Particle Beam Systems

Brian Beaudoin - University of Maryland Electron Ring

The study of the nonlinear dynamics in charged particle beams at the extreme frontier of intensity is important for many applications. Example applications include high-energy and nuclear physics, material science (using spallation neutron sources and x-ray free electron lasers and related intense light sources), free electron lasers for directed energy, and future heavy ion-driven inertial fusion concepts. At high intensity, particles experience internal forces from other particles (space charge) that are comparable to the applied external focusing and accelerating forces. The internal space charge forces depend on the constantly-evolving beam distribution and are typically nonlinear. The group operates a world-class experimental research facility: the University of Maryland Electron Ring (UMER), a compact accelerator using low-energy, high-current electron beams to model the dynamics of intense beams.

Projects suitable for undergraduate participation will be centered on relevant scientific issues. Examples are:

  • Experimental investigation of a multi-stream instability caused by the longitudinal overlap of multiple beams
  • Computational investigation of the chaotic dynamics involved in beam halo formation
  • Electronics design for an acceleration module for UMER

The Charged Particle Beam Group has employed over thirty undergraduate research assistants in recent years, many of whom have appeared as co-authors on scientific publications. Examples include Ksenia Danylevich, Matt Holland, Brian Beaudoin, Matthew Bakalar, Erin Sohr, Nader Behdin, Nana Asare, and Kiersten Ruisard.

Efficient High-Power Radio Frequency (RF) Sources for Applications in Ionospheric HeatingBrian Beaudoin

The Laboratory for High-Power RF sources complements the Charged Particle Beam Group by designing efficient electron sources using novel approaches that minimize energy losses and maximize energy recovery. These sources are a key instrument in the heating of the ionospheric plasma in order to develop new applications that take advantage of the ionosphere as an active plasma medium, improving the performance of trans-ionospheric communications and intelligence.  

 

Information about nonlinear dynamics in charged particle beam systems can be found at http://www.umer.umd.edu and by contacting Brian Beaudoin at 301-405-6994 (beaudoin@umd.edu,).